Category Archives: Fungi

Heterotextus – Golden jelly Bells

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Heterotextus sp aka Golden Jelly Bells
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Dacrymycetes
Order: Dacrymycetales
Family: Dacrymycetaceae
Lobethal Bushland Park, South Australia – July 13th, 2014 – on large stick/twig, soggy conditions on sclerophyll forest floor

Here is another lurid yellow species, but unlike Discinella, this grows out of wood, not soil – It has a translucent  look like jelly baby/jujube lollies.

Discinella terrestris – Forest Tiddly Winks


Discinella terrestris aka Helotium terrestre, Dasyscyphus terrestris
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Helotiales
Family: Helotiaceae
Morialta Conservation Park, South Australia – May 10th, 2014 – wet, soggy, overcast conditions in soil amongst sclerophyll on forest floor

Photos & Text: Michal Dutkiewicz

Discinella is a small genus of Ascomycete fungi, Their fruiting bodies are bright yellow to yellowish-orange coloured discs up to 10 mm in diameter that grow in the dirt amongst the sclerophyll litter on the Eucalypt forest floor. It is found Australia-wide in such forests. I have only seen these in Winter, and in wet conditions – They are not to be confused with the yellow discs of Bisporella citrina, which grow on wood.

Learn more about Ascomycota here:

Xerula australis – A Mushroom Chameleon

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Xerula australis aka Oudemansiella radicata var. australis, Rooting Shank (?)
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae
Morialta Conservation Park, South Australia, North East Sector – Central Track near Moores Road Entrance – 2014-07-26 – very wet, cool conditions with heavy showers

Photos: Michal Dutkiewicz

Growing in what appears to be muck and rotting wood – Surrounded by smaller mushrooms and sheltered by heavily rotted wood – 10cm high – cap was about 2.5 cm wide. This appears to be an extremely variable species – The blue edge was very striking and apparently not always present in other specimens

Horse Dung Fungus: 1

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Pisolithus tinctorius (or Pisolithus arhizus) aka Horse Dung Fungus, Iron Ball Fungus, Bohemian Truffle (?)
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Sclerodermataceae
Scott Creek Conservation Park – 2013-10 – on dry path on hilltop

Photos: Michal Dutkiewicz

These are puffballs that resemble horse dung. They have a tough, leathery outer skin full of a fleshy material when young, but in mature specimens, this turns into brown spore dust that is released when the skin dries, ages and ruptures – Wikipedia says “Pisolithus tinctorius is also a major component in Mycorrhizae fungi mixtures that are used in gardening as powerful root stimulators.” – I will post younger specimens soon.

Have You Eaten Snow Fungus Soup?

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Tremella fuciformis aka Jelly Fungus, Snow Fungus, Silver Ear Fungus, and White Jelly Mushroom
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Tremellomycetes
Order: Tremellales
Family: Tremellaceae
Cleland Conservation Park – July, 2013 – In foggy, wet conditions on fallen tree trunk

Yes indeed – This is the variety of soft, glutinous fungus that goes into Snow Fungus Soup that you have in Chinese restaurants – Belying its delicate look, Tremellas can dehydrate and return to form after a dry spell – It feeds on fungi that rot wood, so it is always found on dead wood, I believe – It reminds me of a translucent Blanc Mange!