Tag Archives: Orchids

The Leafy Sun Orchid – Thelymitra bracteata

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Thelymitra bracteata aka Large Bracted Sun Orchid, Leafy Sun-orchid
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Thelymitra bracteata aka Large Bracted Sun Orchid, Leafy Sun-orchid
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Thelymitra bracteata aka Large Bracted Sun Orchid, Leafy Sun-orchid
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Thelymitra bracteata aka Large Bracted Sun Orchid, Leafy Sun-orchid
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Thelymitra bracteata aka Large Bracted Sun Orchid, Leafy Sun-orchid

Thelymitra bracteata aka Large Bracted Sun Orchid, Leafy Sun-orchid
Working classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Charophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Superorder: Lilianae
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoidae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Thelymitrinae
Lobethal roadside scrub verge – October 25th, 2014 – warm, dry conditions

Photos & Text: Michal Dutkiewicz

These were growing next to a roadside metal rail in, what at first sight, seemed to be very unpromising conditions. We had stopped the car to take photographs of an old brickworks that was just 50 yards or so down the scrub-covered hill from the road – I was stunned to see these amazing Orchids in quite a dense group. I didn’t know what species this was, because the blue Thelymitras confuse me, but Sheridan Ford said, on the Australian Native Orchids Facebook Page: “My guess is T. bracteata. I don’t think it is pauciflora as pauci only has 1-5 flowers. The giveaway for me is the large, prominent bracts, sharply bent column arms with toothbrush-like hair tufts and the robust habit of the plant.” Thanks Sheridan. Here are my other articles on Thelymitra plus some outside links you may find useful:
https://sanatureteers.wordpress.com/2015/01/12/the-great-sun-orchid-thelymitra-grandiflora/
https://sanatureteers.wordpress.com/2014/11/29/spotted-sun-orchid-have-a-lush-colour-palette/
https://sanatureteers.wordpress.com/2014/11/28/the-salmon-thelymitra/
https://sanatureteers.wordpress.com/2014/11/27/rabbit-ears-sun-orchids-in-profusion-at-cromer-conservation-park/

http://www.retiredaussies.com/ColinsHome%20Page/Orchidssa/Thelymitra/Thelymitra%20bracteata%20SA/Thelymitra%20bracteata%20SA09.htm
http://bie.ala.org.au/species/Thelymitra+bracteata

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Caladenia tentaculata – A Sophisticated Mimic

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Caladenia (Arachnorchis) tentaculata aka Mantis Orchid, or King Spider Orchid
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Caladenia (Arachnorchis) tentaculata aka Mantis Orchid, or King Spider Orchid

Caladenia (Arachnorchis) tentaculata aka Mantis Orchid, King Spider Orchid and a host of other names
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida (?) Monocots (?)
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Scott Creek Conservation Park – October 11th, 2014 – warm, dry conditions on Currawong Ridge Track

Photos & Text: Michal Dutkiewicz

I took these pictures on a warm, windy day and these Orchids are a striking sight – waving about. The Australian bush is full of spiky-looking critters, especially insects, and this Spider Orchid is designed to attract just such a critter, using its critter-like features, as well as its pheromones! – The tentacles have a wasp-like scent that draws the male Thynnine Wasp in to pollinate with the “apparent” flightless female it sees in the shape of the middle of the flower. The Orchid smears pollen on the Wasp when it attempts to mate, and the pollen is carried to the next Orchid flower by the unsatisfied Wasp, where the pollen is rubbed off, completing the transfer and enabling the fertilization of the flower – A complex, marvellous deception that demonstrates the interwoven evolution of these species by their mutual dependence.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caladenia
http://biology-assets.anu.edu.au/hosted_sites/orchid_pollination/

A Paler Waxlip

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Glossodia major aka Purple Cockatoo Orchid, Waxlip Orchid
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Glossodia major aka Purple Cockatoo Orchid, Waxlip Orchid

Glossodia major aka Purple Cockatoo Orchid, Waxlip Orchid
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Angiospermae
Class: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Caladeniinae
Top:
Scott Creek Conservation Park – October, 2013 – sunny, windy conditions
Bottom:
Morialta Conservation Park – September, 2013 – wet conditions

Photos: Michal Dutkiewicz

The Purple Cockatoo Orchid, Glossodia major, also known as the Waxlip, also occurs in this pale form – I don’t think this is a true albino, but there is another form which seems to be almost pure white, but I have only seen those in photos. It makes a striking change to see these in the Bush.

Pink Fingers Orchid

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Caladenia carnea aka Pink Fingers Orchid
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Angiosperms
Class: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Cromer Conservation Park – August 27th, 2014 – pleasant conditions

Photos: Michal Dutkiewicz

This is the type species for Caladenia – It is quite a common species, but soon may be subdivided into a number of different species as more work is done – It occurs in Eastern Australia and Tasmania – There is some variation in colour and can be easily mistaken for several other similar Orchids.

Is This A Flower Only A Pollinator Could Love?

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Pterostylis (Urochilus) sanguinea aka Urochilus sanguineus, Banded Greenhood
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiosperm
Class: Monocot
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Aldinga Scrub, South Australia – August 16th, 2014 – overcast conditions with occasional light rain

Photos: Michal Dutkiewicz

Well, what do you think? – Is This A Flower Only A Pollinator Could Love?

Flowers are more than symbols, more than decoration – This isn’t a flower only pollinators can love, this is a flower for the adventurous, the intellectually divergent, the quirky, the big-of-heart – Once you embrace this Quasimodo of a flower, you are embracing a richer, deeper beauty and you will be the richer for it!

Small Mosquito Orchid In Aldinga Scrub: 1

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Acianthus pusillus aka Small Mosquito Orchid
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Angiospermae
Class: Monocots (?)
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Acianthinae
Aldinga Scrub, South Australia – August 16th, 2014 – overcast conditions with occasional light rain

Photos: Michal Dutkiewicz

This is one of the smallest Orchids in the World, as far as I know – It’s so small, you need to use manual focus most of the time – Not a favourite with Orchid-lovers, but for those who love the unusual, this is really something. These were quite abundant in the Aldinga Scrub – Here’s a Link to John Walmsley’s page:

http://www.johnwamsley.com/may10.html

Pink Fairies In Aldinga Scrub – A Caladenia Orchid

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Caladenia latifolia aka Pink Fairies, Pink Fairy Orchid
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Angiosperms
Class: Monocots (or Liliopsida…?!)
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Aldinga Scrub – August 16th, 2014 – overcast conditions

Another Orchid that can be overlooked in passing because of its resemblance to the more common Glossodia major, or Purple Cockatoo, aka Waxlip, Orchid – It was a very exhilarating find for my brother and I – It was very close to the Cladia ferdinandii (Coral Lichen) enclosure – For more information on this species, look here: http://www.oznativeplants.com/plantdetail/Pink-Fairy-Orchid/Caladenia/latifolia/zz.html